Methodology
Selected Literature & Relevant Indexes

General Indicators


The Geneva Association, Geneva Association Information Newsletter, Health and Ageing no. 24 (2011), http://www.genevaassociation.org/PDF/HealthandAgeing/GA2011-Health24.pdf (accessed June 24, 2011).

Yvonne J. Gist and Lisa I. Hetzel, "We the People: Aging in the United States," U.S. Census Bureau, December 2004,www.census.gov/prod/2004pubs/censr-19.pdf (accessed June 23, 2011).

Kevin Kinsella and David R. Phillips, "Global Aging: The Challenge of Success," Population Reference Bureau, March 2005, http://www. prb.org/Publications/PopulationBulletins/2005/GlobalAgingTheChallengeofSuccessPDF575KB.aspx (accessed June 23, 2011).

MetLife Mature Market Institute, "The MetLife Report on Early Boomers: How America's Leading Edge Baby Boomers Will Transform Aging, Work & Retirement," September 2010, http://www.metlife.com/mmi/research/early-boomers.html#findings (accessed June 24, 2011).

National Association of Area Agencies on Aging et al., "The Maturing of America: Getting Communities on Track for an Aging Population," http://www.n4a.org/pdf/MOAFinalReport.pdf (accessed June 24, 2011).

SunAmerica Financial Group, "The SunAmerica Retirement Re-Set Study: Redefining Retirement Post Recession," 2011, http://retirementreset.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/M5124RPT_07111.pdf (accessed July 14, 2011).

U.S. Government Accountability Office, "Older Americans Act: More Should Be Done to Measure the Extent of Unmet Need for Services," February 2011, http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-11-237 (accessed June 23, 2011).

William H. Frey, "Mapping the Growth of Older America: Seniors and Boomers in the Early 21st Century," The Brookings Institution, May 2007, pp. 1-28, http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2007/0612demographics_frey/0612demographics_frey.pdf (accessed February 28, 2012).

William H. Frey, "The Uneven Aging and 'Younging' of America: State and Metropolitan Trends in the 2010 Census," The Brookings Institution, June 2011, pp. 1-21, http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2011/0628_census_frey/0628_census_aging_frey.pdf (accessed February 28, 2012).

Nicholas Farber et al., "Aging in Place: A State Survey of Livability Policies and Practices," National Conference of State Legislatures and the AARP Public Policy Institute, December 2011, http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/ppi/liv-com/aging-in-place-2011-full.pdf.

Andrew Kochera et al., "Beyond 50.05: A Report to the Nation on Livable Communities: Creating Environments for Successful Aging," AARP Public Policy Institute and University of Virginia, http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/il/beyond_50_communities.pdf.

AARP Public Policy Institute, AARP Policy Book 2011–2012, http://www.aarp.org/about-aarp/policies/.

Mary Kihl et al., "Livable Communities: An Evaluation Guide," AARP Public Policy Institute and Arizona State University, http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/il/d18311_communities.pdf



Health-Care and Wellness Indicators


AARP Public Policy Institute, "Chronic Care: A Call to Action for Health Reform," http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/health/beyond_50_hcr.pdf (accessed June 12, 2012).

Alzheimer's Association, "2012 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures," 2012, http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_facts_and_figures.asp (accessed June 12, 2012).

Alzheimer's Disease Education & Referral (ADEAR) Center, "Alzheimer's Disease: Fact Sheet," July 2011, http://www.nia.nih.gov/Alzheimers/Publications/adfact.htm (accessed June 12, 2012).

Andrew B. Bindman et al., "Preventable Hospitalizations and Access to Health Care," The Journal of the American Medical Association 274, no. 4 (1995), p. 305-11.

Center on an Aging Society, "Obesity Among Older Americans," July 2003, http://ihcrp.georgetown.edu/agingsociety/pubhtml/obesity2/obesity2.html (accessed on June 23, 2011).

The Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics, "Older Americans 2010: Key Indicators of Well-Being," 2010, http://www.agingstats.gov/agingstatsdotnet/main_site/default.aspx (accessed June 23, 2011).

Eric A. Finkelstein et al., "National Medical Spending Attributable to Overweight and Obesity: How Much, and Who's Paying?" May 2003, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14527256 (Accessed June 23, 2011).

Gallup and Healthways, "Older Americans Lead All Age Groups in Well-Being," May 2011, http://www.well-beingindex.com/files/20110518_AgingRelease_WBI%20FINAL.PDF (accessed June 12, 2012).

Institute for Alternative Futures, "The Severe Burden of Diabetes on America's Seniors," May 2010, http://www.agingresearch.org/content/article/detail/2590 (accessed June 23, 2011).

Bryan D. James et al., "Relation of Late-Life Social Activity With Incident Disability Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults," Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences 66, no. 4 (2011), p. 467-73, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3055280/?tool=pubmed (accessed June 23, 2011).

The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, "Update on Medicare Spending and Financing and Highlights from the 2009 Medicare Trustees' Report," May 2009, http://www.kff.org/medicare/7905.cfm (accessed June 23, 2011).

The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, "Dual Eligibles: Medicaid's Role for Low-Income Medicare Beneficiaries," May 2011, http://www.kff.org/medicaid/4091.cfm (accessed June 12, 2012).

Meals on Wheels Association of America, http://www.mowaa.org.

MetLife Mature Market Institute, "Retirement Planning: Health Care Considerations," 2010, http://www.metlife.com/assets/cao/mmi/publications/essentials/mmi-retirement-planning-health-care-considerations.pdf (accessed June 24, 2011). Project Enhance, http://www.projectenhance.org/

Kevin M. Murphy and Robert H. Topel, "The Value of Health and Longevity," June 2005, www.nber.org/papers/w11405.pdf (accessed June 23, 2011).

SilverSneakers, http://www.silversneakers.com.

Andrew R. Sommers, "Obesity Among Older Americans," Congressional Research Service, February 2009, http://aging.senate.gov/crs/aging3.pdf (accessed June 23, 2011).

Gabriel Sudduth, "AARP and Over-Performed Medical Procedures," The Enterprise Blog, July 7, 2011, http://blog.american.com/2011/07/aarp-offers-over-performed-medical-procedures/ (accessed February 1, 2012).

Ken Dychtwald, "Riding the Age Wave: How Health Care Can Stay Afloat," Caring, October 2011, http://www.agewave.com/media_files/CARING%20October%202011%20with%20identifier%202.pdf (accessed February 3, 2012).

"Technology for an Aging Population: Intel's Global Research Initiative," intel Health, 2008, http://www.intel.com/Assets/PDF/general/health-318883001.pdf (accessed February 8, 2012).

Susan C. Reinhard et al., "Raising Expectations: A State Scorecard on Long-Term Services and Supports for Older Adults, People with Physical Disabilities, and Family Caregivers," AARP Public Policy Institute, The Commonwealth Fund and The SCAN Foundation, September 2011, http://www.longtermscorecard.org/~/media/Files/Scorecard%20site/Report/AARP_Reinhard_Realizing_Exp_LTSS_Scorecard_REPORT_WEB_v4.pdf (accessed June 8, 2012).

"Confronting the Aging Crisis in America," Leaders, 2010, http://www.leadersmag.com/issues/2010.4_Oct/PDFs/LEADERS-Lou-Dobbs-CNN-Frank-Corvino-Greenwich-Hospital-Jim-Beck-Home-Stead-Aging-Crisis.pdf (accessed June 8, 2012).



Living Arrangement Indicators


Sally Abrahms, "Boomers Redefine Retirement Living," AARP Bulletin, April 2011, http://www.aarp.org/home-garden/housing/info-04-2011/elder-housing.html (accessed June 23, 2011).

AARP Public Policy Institute, AARP Policy Book 2011–2012, http://www.aarp.org/content/dam/aarp/about_aarp/aarp_policies/2011_04/pdf/Chapter9.pdf

Barbara A. Haley and Robert W. Gray, "Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly: Program Status and Performance Measurement," U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, June 2008, http://www.huduser.org/portal/publications/hsgspec/sec_202.html (accessed June 23, 2011).

MetLife Mature Market Institute, "Market Survey of Long-Term Care Costs," October 2010, http://www.metlife.com/assets/cao/mmi/publications/studies/2011/mmi-market-survey-nursing-home-assisted-living-adult-day-services-costs.pdf (accessed June 12, 2012). MetLife Mature Market Institute, "Reverse Mortgages," 2012, http://www.metlife.com/assets/cao/mmi/publications/essentials/mmireverse-mortgages-essentials.pdf (accessed June 12, 2012).

MetLife Mature Market Institute, "Housing Trends Update for the 55+ Market," January 2011, http://www.metlife.com/mmi/research/55-housing-trends-update.html#findings (accessed June 24, 2011).

NAHB Research Center and Columbia Enterprises, "Construction Cost Indices: HUD Section 202 and 811 Supportive Housing Programs," April 2005, http://www.huduser.org/portal/publications/hsgfin/costindices.html (accessed June 23, 2011).

U.S. Government Accountability Office, "Older Americans: Continuing Care Retirement Communities Can Provide Benefits, But Not Without Some Risk," June 2010, http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-10-611 (accessed June 23, 2011).

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, "Section 202 and 811 Operating Costs Needs," March 2007, http://www.huduser.org/portal/publications/pubasst/Sec_202_811.html (accessed June 24, 2011).

Rodney Harrell and Ari Houser, "State Housing Profiles: Housing Conditions and Affordability for the Older Population," AARP Public Policy Institute, 2011 http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/ppi/liv-com/AARP_Housing2011_Full.pdf



Transportation Indicators


Federal Transit Administration's New Freedom Program: http://www.fta.dot.gov/funding/grants/grants_financing_3549.html (accessed June 8, 2012).

Harris Interactive, "Older American Attitudes Toward Mobility and Transportation," www.colorado.edu/RetiredFaculty/051206harris_interactive.pdf (accessed June 23, 2011).

David Koffman et al., "Funding the Public Transportation Needs of an Aging Population," American Public Transportation Association, March 2010, http://www.apta.com/resources/reportsandpublications/Documents/TCRP_J11_Funding_Transit_Needs_of_Aging_ Population.pdf (accessed June 12, 2012).

Kevin DeGood et al., "Aging in Place, Stuck Without Options," Transportation for America, 2011, http://t4america.org/docs/SeniorsMobilityCrisis.pdf (accessed June 12, 2012).

Jana Lynott and Carlos Figueiredo, "How the Travel Patterns of Older Adults are Changing: Highlights from the 2009 National Household Travel Survey," AARP Public Policy Institute, April 2011, http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/ppi/liv-com/fs218-transportation.pdf (accessed June 8, 2012).

Walk Score, 2012, http://www.walkscore.com/ (accessed February 1, 2012).



Financial Indicators


Bob Calandra, "Bankruptcies Up for Older Adults," AARP Bulletin, January 6, 2011, http://www.aarp.org/money/credit-loans-debt/info-01-2011/bankruptcies_up_for_older_americans_.html (accessed June 23, 2011).

Employee Benefit Research Institute, "The Sources of Income of Elderly Men and Women (Age 65 and Older)," September 2010, www.ebri.org/pdf/FFE176.30Sept10.IncEld-Gndr.Final.pdf (accessed June 23, 2011).

Employee Benefit Research Institute, "Income of the Elderly Population Age 65 and Over, 2005," May 2007, www.ebri.org/pdf/notespdf/EBRI_Notes_05-2007.pdf (accessed June 23, 2011).

T. Lynn Fisher, "Estimates of Unreported Asset Income in the Survey of Consumer Finances and the Relative Importance of Social Security Benefits to the Elderly," Social Security Bulletin 67 no. 2 (2007), http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/ssb/v67n2/v67n2p47.html (accessed June 24, 2011).

Neil Howe and Richard Jackson, "How Ready for Pensioners?" International Monetary Fund, Finance & Development 48, no. 2 (2011), http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2011/06/Howe.htm (accessed June 24, 2011).

HSBC, "The Future of Retirement: What People Want," 2006, http://www.hsbc.com/1/PA_esf-ca-app-content/content/assets/retirement/2006_for_report_people.pdf (accessed June 12, 2012).

Susan Jacoby, "The Nest Egg Myth," Los Angeles Times, February 20, 2011, http://articles.latimes.com/2011/feb/20/opinion/la-oejacoby-aging-boomers-20110220 (accessed June 24, 2011).

Hilary Johnson, "Wells Fargo Extends Elder Services to East Coast," Investment News, July 22, 2010, http://www.investmentnews.com/article/20100722/FREE/100729957 (accessed June 12, 2012).

MetLife Mature Market Institute et al., "Broken Trust: Elders, Family, and Finances," March 2009, http://www.metlife.com/mmi/research/broken-trust-elder-abuse.html#findings (accessed June 24, 2011).

MetLife Mature Market Institute, "Tapping Home Equity in Retirement," June 2009, http://www.metlife.com/mmi/research/home-equityretirement.html#findings (accessed June 24, 2011).

MetLife Mature Market Institute, "Preventing Elder Financial Abuse for Older Adults," 2011, http://www.metlife.com/assets/cao/mmi/publications/studies/2011/Tips/mmi-preventing-elder-financial-abuse-older-adults.pdf (accessed June 24, 2011).

Serena Lei, "The Future of Social Security: Solvency, Work, Adequacy, and Equity," The Urban Institute, November 2010, http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412253-Social-Security-Solvency.pdf (accessed June 23, 2011).

Richard Jackson et al., "The Global Aging Preparedness Index," Center for Strategic and International Studies, October 2010, http://csis.org/files/publication/101014_GlobalAgingIndex_DL_Jackson_LR.pdf



Employment/Education Indicators


American Association of Community Colleges, "Educating Plus-50 Learners: Opportunities for Community Colleges," http://plus50.aacc.nche.edu/documents/Educating_Plus_50_Learners_Opportunities_for_Community_Colleges.pdf (accessed June 23, 2011).

Civic Ventures, http://www.encore.org/learn/faqs.

The EnCorps Teachers Program, http://www.encorpsteachers.com/.

MetLife Foundation/Civic Ventures, "Encore Career Survey," June 2008, http://www.civicventures.org/publications/surveys/encore-careersurvey.cfm (accessed June 23, 2011).

MetLife Mature Market Institute, "Searching for the Silver Bullet: Leading Edge Solutions for Leveraging an Aging Workforce," November 2007, http://www.metlife.com/assets/cao/mmi/publications/studies/mmi-searching-silver-bullet.pdf (accessed June 24, 2011).

Bernard Osher Foundation, http://www.osherfoundation.org/index.php?olli.

Anne Shattuck, "Older Americans Working More, Retiring Less," Carsey Institute, Summer 2010, www.carseyinstitute.unh.edu/publications/IB_Shattuck_Older_Workers.pdf (accessed June 23, 2011).

U.S. Department of Labor, "Congressional Budget Justification, Employment And Training Administration, Community Service Employment for Older Americans," 2012, www.dol.gov/dol/budget/2012/PDF/CBJ-2012-V1-06.pdf (accessed June 12, 2012).

Yoshio Yazaki, "Assessing the Suitability of the Elderly for Employment," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance, vol. 27 no. 4 (2002), p.534-39.

Sandra Block, "Boomers look to 'encore' careers," USA Today, November 21, 2011, http://www.usatoday.com/money/workplace/story/2011-11-21/encore-careers-intel/51338594/1 (accessed February 2, 2012).

Tina Rosenberg, "In a Second Career, Working to Make a Difference," The New York Times, January 5, 2012, http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/05/in-a-second-career-working-to-make-a-difference/ (accessed February 2, 2012).

Marc Freedman, "Old Dogs, New Tricks: Why More Seniors Are Starting Companies," The Atlantic, December 17, 2011, http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2011/12/old-dogs-new-tricks-why-more-seniors-are-starting-companies/250021/ (accessed February 3, 2012).

Ana Veciana-Suarez, "When older professionals aren't ready to hang it up," The Miami Herald, December 20, 2011, http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/12/17/v-fullstory/2542762/when-older-professionals-arent.html (accessed February 1, 2012).

Don Clark, "Intel Steps Up to Help Employee 'Encores,'" The Wall Street Journal, November 21, 2011, http://blogs.wsj.com/digits/2011/11/21/intel-steps-up-to-help-employee-encores/.

Josh Keller, "UCLA Joins Venture to Offer Online Education to Baby Boomers," The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 23, 2011, http://chronicle.com/blogs/wiredcampus/ucla-starts-online-education-company-for-baby-boomers/31934?sid=at&utm_source=at&utm_ medium=en.

Eric Lesser, Bill Farrell, and Meredith Payne, "Addressing the challenges of an aging workforce: A human capital perspective for firms operating in Asia Pacific," IBM Business Consulting Services, 2004, pp. 1-12, http://www-31.ibm.com/cn/services/bcs/iibv/pdf/g510-3970-aging-workforce-asia.pdf (accessed January 31, 2012).

Eric Lesser, Carsten Hausmann, and Steffen Feuerpeil, "Addressing the challenges of an aging workforce: A human capital perspective for companies operating in Europe," IBM Business Consulting Services, 2005, pp. 1-16, http://www.aia-aerospace.org/assets/smc_wpworkforce.pdf (accessed February 1, 2012).



Community Engagement Indicators


Barbara A. Butrica, Richard W. Johnson, and Sheila R. Zedlewski, "Volunteer Transitions Among Older Americans," The Urban Institute, October 2007, http://www.urban.org/publications/411582.html (accessed June 23, 2011).

Volunteering in America, "Volunteering of Older Adults (age 65 and over)", http://www.volunteeringinamerica.gov/special/Older-Adults-%28age-65-and-over%29 (accessed June 12, 2012).



Relevant Indexes on Topics Related to Aging


AARP, "15 Best Places to Reinvent Your Life" http://www.aarp.org/about-aarp/press-center/info-2003/nr040103.html (accessed July 13, 2011).

Bankers Life and Casualty Company, "Bankers Best Cities for Seniors 2005" http://www.bankers.com/AboutUs-PR-TopCities.aspx (accessed July 13, 2011).

Canadian Index of Well-being, "How are Canadians Really Doing?," 2011, http://ciw.ca/reports/en/Reports%20and%20FAQs/CIWHowAreCanadiansReallyDoing-FINAL.pdf (accessed June 12, 2012).

Sasha Emmons, "Best Cities 2010: 10 Cities with the Strongest Economies," 2010, http://www.parenting.com/gallery/best-cities-2010-cities-with-the-strongest-economies?pnid=113298 (accessed June 24, 2011)

William P. Barrett, "The Best Cities for an Active Retirement," 2011, Forbes, http://www.forbes.com/2011/02/11/25-best-cities-activeretirement-bicycling-walking-volunteering-crime-doctors.html (accessed July 13, 2011).

Foreign Policy, A.T. Kearney, and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, "The Global Cities Index 2010," Foreign Policy, 2010, http://www.foreignpolicy.com/node/373401 (accessed June 28, 2011).

Gallup and Healthways, "Gallup-Healthways Well-Being™ Index: Methodology," 2011, http://www.well-beingindex.com/methodology.asp (accessed June 12, 2012).

Richard Jackson, Neil Howe, and Keisuke Nakashima, "The Global Aging Preparedness Index," Center for Strategic and International Studies, October 2010, http://gapindex.csis.org/publications.html (accessed June 23, 2011).

Kiplinger, "Best Cities for Retirees," June 2007, http://www.kiplinger.com/magazine/archives/2007/06/retirees.html.

MetLife Mature Market Institute, "Retirement Readiness Index," May 2010, http://www.metlife.com/mmi/research/retirement-readinessindex.html#findings (accessed June 24, 2011).

The Mori Memorial Foundation, "Global Power City Index 2009," October 2009, http://www.mori-m-foundation.or.jp/english/research/project/6/pdf/GPCI2009_English.pdf (accessed June 28, 2011).

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), "Compendium of OECD Well-Being Indicators," 2011, http://www.oecd.org/document/28/0,3746,en_2649_201185_47916764_1_1_1_1,00.html (accessed June 23, 2011).

Amelia Murphy and University of New Mexico's Institute of Public Law, "Aging in Place with Dignity: Policy Recommendations to Increase Economic Security for New Mexico Elders," August 2010, http://www.atlanticphilanthropies.org/learning/report-ageing-placedignity (accessed July 5, 2011).

Lauren Passell, "Best Cities 2010: 10 Best Cities for Recreation," 2010, http://www.parenting.com/gallery/best-cities-2010-bestrecreational-cities (accessed June 24, 2011).

David Savageau, Retirement Places Rated (Hoboken: Wiley Publishing Inc., 2007).

U.S. News & World Report, "Best Hospitals 2011-2012," http://health.usnews.com/health-news/best-hospitals/articles/2011/07/18/besthospitals-2011-12-the-honor-roll (accessed June 12, 2012). Also see: http://health.usnews.com/best-hospitals/rankings (accessed June 12, 2012).

U.S. News & World Report, "Best Places to Retire" http://money.usnews.com/money/retirement/best-places-to-retire (accessed July 13, 2011).

Sara Vigneri, "2011 Best Cities for Families," Parenting, 2011, http://www.parenting.com/gallery/2011-best-cities-to-live (accessed July 12, 2011).

Laura Henze Russell, Ellen A. Bruce, and Judith Conahan, "The WOW-GI National Elder Economic Security Standard: A Methodology to Determine Economic Security for Elders," Gerontology Institute and Wider Opportunities for Women, 2006, http://www.wowonline.org/ ourprograms/eesi/documents/FinalWOWGINationalMethodology.pdf.

Jim Sullivan, Justine Sears, and Karen Glitman, "A Travel-Livability Index for Seniors, Phase I: Livability Attribute Importance," Transportation Research Center, May 2011, pp. 1-23.

Toshiko Kaneda, Marlene Lee, and Kelvin Pollard, "SCL/PRB Index of Well-Being in Older Populations," Stanford Center on Longevity and Population Reference Bureau, June 2011, http://longevity.stanford.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/SCL-PRB-Index-of-Well-Beingin-Older-Populations.pdf.

Sarah Mahoney, "10 Affordable Cities for Retirement," AARP The Magazine, September 2011, http://www.aarp.org/home-garden/livablecommunities/info-07-2011/affordable-cities.html (accessed June 14, 2012).

AARP, "10 Great Sunny Places to Retire," January 2012, http://www.aarp.org/home-garden/livable-communities/info-11-2011/10-Great-Sunny-Places-to-Retire-AARP.html (accessed June 14, 2012).

Sarah Max and Beth Braverman, "25 Best Places to Retire," CNN Money, September 16, 2011, http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2011/real_estate/1109/gallery.best_places_retire.moneymag/index.html (accessed May 8, 2012).

"The Best Health Care Cities 2012," The Daily Beast, 2012, http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/01/11/the-best-health-carecities-2012.html (accessed May 8, 2012).

Danielle Kurtzleben, "10 Best Cities for Public Transportation," U.S. News, February 8, 2011, http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2011/02/08/10-best-cities-for-public-transportation (accessed May 8, 2012).

Joel Kotkin, Michael Shires, "The Best Cities for Jobs," Forbes, May 1, 2012, http://www.forbes.com/sites/joelkotkin/2012/05/01/thebest-cities-for-jobs-2/ (accessed May 8, 2012).

The Washington Economics Group, Inc., "Best Choice for Retiring Boomers: Head South – An Analysis of Selected U.S. Cities," April 16, 2012, http://www.scribd.com/doc/89656447/Best-Choice-for-Retiring-Boomers-Head-South-An-Analysis-of-Selected-U-S-Cities (accessed June 14, 2012).

Matt Brownell, "The Best Cities to Bank," MainStreet, February 1, 2011, http://www.mainstreet.com/slideshow/money/investing/bestcities-bank (accessed May 8, 2012).

Venessa Wong and Joel Stonington, "The Best Places to Live," Bloomberg Businessweek, September 20, 2011, http://images.businessweek.com/slideshows/20110920/america-s-50-best-cities/ (accessed May 8, 2012).

Melanie Haiken, "America's Top 20 Healthiest Cities," Forbes, September 13, 2011, http://www.forbes.com/sites/melaniehaiken/2011/09/13/americas-top-10-healthiest-cities/ (accessed May 8, 2012).

"Best U.S. Cities for Seniors 2011," Bankers Life and Casualty Company Center for a Secure Retirement, 2011, http://www.centerforasecureretirement.com/media/124687/18423_bestcities.pdf (accessed May 8, 2012).

William P. Barrett, "The 25 Best Places to Retire in 2012," Forbes, June 6, 2012, http://www.forbes.com/sites/williampbarrett/2012/06/06/the-25-best-places-to-retire-in-2012/ (accessed June 14, 2012).

William P. Barrett, "Top Places to Retire—And Work," Forbes, January 23, 2012, http://www.forbes.com/sites/williampbarrett/2012/01/23/top-places-to-retire-and-work/ (accessed June 14, 2012).

Emily Brandon, "10 Places to Launch a Second Career in Retirement," U.S. News and World Report, March 29, 2010, http://money.usnews.com/money/personal-finance/retirement/articles/2010/03/29/10-places-to-launch-a-second-career-in-retirement (accessed June 14, 2012).

Nancy F. Smith, "The 10 best places to retire," CBS Money Watch, February 22, 2012, http://www.cbsnews.com/8334-505146_162-57382790/the-10-best-places-to-retire/ (accessed June 14, 2012).